From sand to ceramics and beyond, specially designed proppants provide economic advantages.
As operations tap tighter formations from sands to shales, improved proppant characteristics and techniques in placement help them reach vast quantities of oil and gas previously beyond the scope of oilpatch technology.
Producers realized early in industry history that the greater the formation surface exposed to the well bore, the greater the production. They started with large numbers of wells and delved briefly into mechanically directed horizontal wells, but fractures that reached far into formations surpassed economic production potential of both systems. READ MORE